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Many types of gardens exist. Depending on the place and the people, the garden adapts to needs. Aesthetic, social or experimental, this place of diversity explores different possibilities to improve everyday life. In the past, the garden was a place of social interaction and exchange around the classification of species. Today, the creation of gardens makes it possible to ensure and safeguard biodiversity.
Individual gardens: economical and ecological
The garden can be a way to optimize your budget. For the sake of economy and ecology, the garden is an essential support for food production. It is for this reason that private gardens increasingly occupy the landscape. Different methods exist to combine economy and ecology in the same space. In an ecological approach, the garden thus consists of a vegetable patch, surface composting and brushwood in order to recycle green waste. At the heart of this garden remains agriculture in the form of a vegetable garden consisting of aromatic plants and vegetables. If your home does not have a garden, renting private land or occupying an undeveloped space are solutions to take into account.
Allotment gardens: respect for nature
Managed by associations or federations, allotment gardens belong to a community. This type of garden is similar to the initial model of workers' gardens. Their specificity lies in the grouping of several gardens in the same space. These can be of different dimensions and be located in the center or on the outskirts of a city. The allotment gardens are established with respect for nature and the structures put in place. The preservation of the environment and the promotion of the garden constitute sufficient conditions for the establishment of these gardens. Their daily practice and mode of operation must meet the needs of gardeners and allow exchanges between them.
Shared gardens: interactions and sharing
In a search for social interactions and exchanges between people in the same neighborhood, the shared garden offers the possibility of creating a collective space. To do this, groups of residents come together to rehabilitate neglected public spaces and transform them into vegetable or ornamental gardens. They develop a space of social bond between the inhabitants. Parties, plantations, open days, these initiatives bring the garden to life in the urban environment. Shared gardens unite around the same goal. The practice of community gardening develops social ties through fun and educational activities. The inhabitants can thus come together around a common project while ensuring the safeguard of biodiversity. These solidarity and sharing actions around the garden allow the development of unique social actions, and promote access to the environment in an urban space.